Author Archive

Ruby Switch

July 12th, 2023

Ruby Switch is a web browser plugin that I developed to make toggling the visibility of ruby text such as furigana more convenient. To further my study of the Japanese language, I frequently visit Internet sites for language learners or young native speakers. These sites typically show how vocabulary using kanji is read. Sites, such as NHK‘s site, feature news written in simple Japanese and make it easy to toggle between showing or hiding how to read kanji. Other sites do not offer that feature, and toggling ruby text requires going into a web browser’s development tools to modify the CSS.

The following image shows Ruby Switch pinned to the Mozilla Firefox toolbar and renderings with and without ruby text of a page on Mainichi Newspaper for elementary school students.

Ruby Switch allows practice in reading Japanese. This simple plugin allows language learners to conveniently toggle the visibility of furigana to allow reinforcing vocabulary that is recognizable while also allowing them to confirm their readings when there is uncertainty.

The following is a sampling of sites that work with Ruby Switch:

Two Years with WaniKani

May 13th, 2023
Posted in 日本語 | No Comments

After almost two decades after taking two years of college classes on the Japanese language, I have been using for the last two years a tool that is helping me overcome a major obstacle on the path toward language proficiency. Up until this second anniversary, WaniKani has helped me recognize and read more than 2,657 words composed of kanji.

It has taken me about two years to reach level 45 out of 60 offered by WaniKani. I did not expect to experience burnout, but I did at levels 20 through 23. I needed more than half a year, or 25% of my time with WaniKani, for just those four levels. If I maintain an average of 17 days per level going forward, I will have been exposed to all review items in eight months. It is possible to rush through the last 15 levels in four months, but my experience with burnout is encouraging me to enjoy the process and continue at a moderate pace.

I am pleased with my accuracy and the balance of items between various SRS stages. A review item requires six months to transition from “enlightened” to “burned.” To become burned, an enlightened review item’s meaning and reading must be remembered correctly after it has not been reviewed for six months. A review item is demoted to a lower SRS stage, if it is not remembered correctly. In theory, 3,773 burned items have become part of my long-term memory. Remembering these items is reinforced by studying higher level textbooks and consuming native material. For example, music videos for anime songs provide lyrics containing kanji. Reading anime song lyrics reinforces my ability to recognize and read those kanji.

WaniKani has made studying intermediate textbooks and consuming native material more enjoyable for me. Less time is spent looking up common words in a dictionary. This has allowed me to focus on the actual content of the media. I have no regrets signing up for a lifetime WaniKani membership, and I recommend it to anyone interested in learning Japanese.


April 9th, 2023

Delegation is a good design choice only when it simplifies more than it complicates. (Gamma et al. 21) Work Cited: Gamma, Erich, et al. Design Patterns: Elements of Reusable Object-Oriented Software. Addison-Wesley, 1994.


April 2nd, 2023
Posted in 日本語 | No Comments
We must make decisions based on what is right as human beings.

My Pandemic 2020 Build

April 8th, 2022

Parts List: AMD Ryzen 5 3600X w/Wraith Spire Cooler [$189.99] MSI MPG X570 Gaming Plus ATX [$154.99] MSI Radeon RX5700 XT Gaming X 8GB 256-bit GDDR6 PCI Express 4.0 [$409.99] G.SKILL Ripjaws V DDR4-3200 CL16-18-18-38 1.35V 128GB (4x32GB) 288-pin [$429.98] Samsung 970 EVO Plus NVMe M.2 SSD 2000GB [$249.99] Samsung 970 EVO Plus NVMe M.2 […]